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Scientific Payloads

Starting with ground based and balloon borne experiments in the 1940s, the Indian space science research activities were actually initiated with the launching of sounding rockets from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in 1963 to measure the equatorial electrojet parameters. Since then large number of rocket and balloon borne experiments have provided new data on upper atmospheric phenomena, cosmic rays and energetic x-ray and gamma rays. With the advent of satellite era, scientific experimental payloads have been launched starting from the first Indian satellite Aryabhata.

Payload Functional description Project
X-ray Aeronomy Solar Neutrons & Gamma X-Ray Aeronomy experiment Solar Neutrons & Gamma detection Space astronomy Aryabhata
Astronomy/stellar X-ray, Gamma ray Detection Space astronomy Rohini Satellites
IXAP Indian X-Ray Astronomy Payload (IXAP) Space astronomy IRS-P3
SOLRAD Solar Radiation Monitor Space astronomy Youthsat
LiHySI, Limb-View Hyper spectral Imager Space astronomy Youthsat
RaBIT Radio Beacon for Ionospheric tomogram Ionospheric studies Youthsat
TMC Terrain Mapping Camera information about the surface features for 3D imaging of Lunar surface Chandrayaan-1
LLRI Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument (LLRI) for determining accurate altitude of the spacecraft above the lunar surface for topographical mapping Chandrayaan-1
HEX High Energy X-ray payload (HEX) for measuring210Pb, 222Rn degassing, U, Th etc Chandrayaan-1
MIP Moon Impact Probe(MIP) payload for exploration of the moon from close range and impacting on the moon Chandrayaan-1
LEX Low Energy X-ray (LEX) Payload (CIXS). Space astronomy - X-ray spectrometer Chandrayaan-1
MINISAR Mini SAR for detection of water ice in thepermanently shadowed regions on theLunar poles up to a depth of a fewmeters Chandrayaan-1
SIR-2 Near InfraredSpectrometer Investigations of the process of basin,Maria and crater formation on theMoon Chandrayaan-1
RaDoM Radiation Dose monitor To qualitatively and quantitativelycharacterize, in terms of particle flux, dose rate and deposited energyspectrum, the radiation environment in near moon space Chandrayaan-1
SARA Sub-KeV Atom Reflecting Analyser for imaging the Moon surface usinglow energy neutral atoms asdiagnostics in the energy range 10eV-2keV Chandrayaan-1
MMM Moon Mineralogy Mapper spectrometer for characterization andmapping lunar surface mineralogy in the context of lunar geological evolution Chandrayaan-1
LAP Lyman Alpha Photometer absorption cell photometer MOM
MSM Methane Sensor for Mars Measures Methane (CH4) in the Martian atmosphere MOM
MENCA Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser a quadruple mass spectrometer capable of analysing the neutral composition in the range of 1 to 300 amu with unit mass resolution MOM
MCC Mars Color Camera images & information about the surface features and composition of Martian surface MOM
TIRIS Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer Measure the thermal emission and can be operated during both day and night. MOM
SHAPE Spectro-polarimetry of HAbitable Planet Earth An experimental payload onboard c Mission for the study of spectro-polarimetric signatures of Earth in the near-infrared (NIR) wavelength range (1.0 – 1.7 μm). Chandrayaan-3
HEL1OS High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer (HEL1OS) Is the hard X-ray spectrometer on Aditya-L1 Solar Mission by ISRO, operating in the wide X-ray energy band of 10 – 150 keV. It is the harbinger of flaring activities on the Sun, with the ability to capture the early impulsive phase of the solar activity Aditya-L1
XSPECT XSPECT payload on XpoSat XSPECT is an X-ray SPECtroscopy and Timing payload onboard XPoSat, which can provide fast timing and good spectroscopic resolution in soft X-rays. XPoSat